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example of optical upconverting nanomaterial

Based on

1 Patents
2014 Most recent source

Composition

1

sodium oxide

Type Single Compound
Formula Na2O
Role core
2

copper(II) cation

copper(2+) ion copper(II) ion copper cation copper2+ ion copper ion copper(2+) copper(II) Cu2+ ion Cu ion
Type Single Compound
Formula Cu2+
Role dopant
3

promethium(III) ion

Pm(3+)
Type Single Compound
Formula Pm3+
Role dopant
4

ligand

Type Complex Compound
Formula
Role partial layer
5

copper methylthiolnaphthalocyanine

Type Single Compound
Formula C55H38CuN8S
Role partial layer

References

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