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graphene

Based on

4742 Articles
134 Patents
2018 Most recent source

Composition

1

graphite

Type Single Compound
Formula C
Role raw materials

Properties

General physical and chemical properties

Property Value Nanomaterial Variant Source
band gap

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band structure plot
binding energy
capacitance
charge carrier concentration
charge carrier density
charge carrier mobility
charge transfer resistance
charging-discharging cycle plot
colloidal stability
conductance
Coulombic efficiency
current density
cyclic voltammogram
cyclic voltammogram dependent on cycle number
cyclic voltammogram dependent on electrolytes
cyclic voltammogram dependent on scan rate
density
density of states
differential conductance
Dirac voltage
drain current
elastic modulus
electric current
electrical conductivity
electrical conductivity dependent on temperature
electrical resistance
electrical resistivity
electron mobility
electronic band structure
energy
Fermi energy
Fermi velocity
formation energy
Hall mobility
Hall resistance
hole mobility
longitudinal resistance
longitudinal resistivity
magnetoresistance
magnetoresistance dependent on temperature
Nitrogen adsorption/desorption
nonlocal resistance
Nyquist plot
optical band gap energy
optical transmittance
phonon density of states
photoconductivity
photocurrent
Poisson's ratio
Pore volume
Porosity
potential
potential energy
quantum capacitance
relaxation time
resistance
resistance dependent on temperature
resistivity
Seebeck coefficient
sheet charge carrier density
sheet conductance
sheet resistance
specific capacitance
specific capacity
stability
stress
Surface area
Tafel plot
tensile strength
tensile stress
thermal conductance
thermal conductivity
thermal stability
viscosity
water contact angle
work function
Young's modulus
Zeta potential

Catalytic properties

Reaction Value Nanomaterial Variant Source
hydrogen evolution reaction

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Sensor properties

Type of sensor Sensor property Nanomaterial Variant Source
compounds sensor for acetaminophen in phosphate buffer

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Applications

Area Application Nanomaterial Variant Source
adsorbents/absorbers/ion exchange materials

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analysis methods
catalysis
coatings
diagnostics
electrodes/electrolytes
electromechanical switching
electronic paper
electronics
energy storage
environmental protection
filtration/bioseparation
fuel cells
gas storage
heat transfer
implants
lighting devices
lubricant/hydraulic additives
medicine/veterinary
membranes
nanobiotechnology
optoelectronics
other
photonics
pigments/inks/dyes
polymers
power generation
protection
raw materials/precursors/templates
reinforced materials
sensors (excluding biosensors)
tools/devices

Characterization

Method Nanomaterial Variant Source
angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

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atomic emission spectroscopy
atomic force microscopy
Auger electron spectroscopy
confocal Raman microscopy
dielectric spectroscopy
differential thermal analysis
dynamic light scattering
electron energy-loss spectroscopy
energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
field emission scanning electron microscopy
high-resolution transmission electron microscopy
infrared spectroscopy
low-energy electron diffraction
mass spectrometry
optical microscopy
other
photoemission spectroscopy
photoluminescence
pump-probe absorption spectroscopy
Raman spectroscopy
reflection high-energy electron diffraction
scanning electron microscopy
scanning transmission electron microscopy
scanning tunneling microscopy
scanning tunneling spectroscopy
selected area electron diffraction
spectroscopy
STEM-HAADF
surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering
terahertz time-domain spectroscopy
thermogravimetric analysis
time-resolved absorption spectroscopy
transient-absorption spectroscopy
transmission electron microscopy
UV
UV photoelectron spectroscopy
UV-Vis spectroscopy
UV-Vis-NIR optical spectroscopy
X-ray absorption near edge fine structure spectroscopy
X-ray diffraction
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Biological effects

Biological system Test details Nanomaterial Variant Source
4T1 mammary carcinoma tumor cells

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Preparation

Method 1

Type: Chemical synthesis
Source:
Starting materials
  • PI
  1. fZ9xz6TjAiWeQwgOvxBo8sFtbSBp3
Product

graphene

Thickness: 60000 - 70000 nm

Medium/Support: none

Method 2

Type: Chemical synthesis
Source:
Starting materials
  • carbon fiber fabric
  1. JXcTT1vUovUxD
Product

graphene

Pore size: 100 - 500 nm

Thickness: 5 - 8 nm

Medium: none

Support: carbon fiber fabric

Method 3

Type: Chemical synthesis
Source:
  1. SBgsXMG
  2. QPD
  3. pJXpWP2kgZlhcYIE
Product

graphene

Pore size: ~ 0.53 nm

Thickness: 50 nm

Medium/Support: none

Method 4

Type: Physical formation
Source:
Product

graphene

Lateral size: ~ 1800 nm

Medium/Support: none

Method 5

Type: Chemical synthesis
Source:
Starting materials
  • methane
  1. mcOlp0U9N1h2b8XOnCo
  2. ujZ9c98NSCtd
  3. l6IlFG4ts
  4. hbJFOm
Product

graphene

Size: not specified

Medium/Support: none

References

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