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β-NaGdF4:Yb,Tm upconversion nanoparticles

Based on

1 Articles
2016 Most recent source

Composition

Image only illustrates the order and placement of components as described in literature.

1

sodium gadolinium tetrafluoride

sodium gadolinium(III) fluoride β-sodium gadolinium fluoride sodium gadolinium fluoride β-NaGdF4 β-NaGdF4
Type Single Compound
Formula NaGdF4
Role raw materials
2

ytterbium(III) cation

ytterbium(III) ions ytterbium(III) ion ytterbium cation ytterbium ion ytterbium(3+) Yb(III) ion ytterbium3+ ytterbium Yb3+ ion Yb3+ ion Yb3+ Y3+
Type Single Compound
Formula Yb3+
Role dopant
3

thulium(III) cation

thulium(III) ion thulium cation thulium(III) thulium ion thulium(3+) Tm3+ ion Tm(3+) Tm3+
Type Single Compound
Formula Tm3+
Role dopant

Properties

Applications

Characterization

Biological effects

Preparation

Method 1

Type: Chemical synthesis
Source:
Starting materials
  • thulium(III) chloride
  • ytterbium(III) chloride
  • gadolinium(III) chloride
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  4. VrLNhm
Product

β-NaGdF4:Yb,Tm upconversion nanoparticles

References

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