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β-NaYF4:Yb3+, Er3+, Gd3+ upconverting nanoparticles

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1 Articles
2014 Most recent source


Image only illustrates the order and placement of components as described in literature.


sodium yttrium(III) tetrafluoride

β-sodium yttrium tetrafluoride sodium yttrium tetrafluoride β-sodium yttrium fluoride sodium yttrium fluoride β-NaYF4 NaYF4
Type Single Compound
Formula NaYF4
Role raw materials

ytterbium(III) cation

ytterbium(III) ions ytterbium(III) ion ytterbium cation ytterbium ion ytterbium(3+) ytterbium3+ Yb(III) ion ytterbium Yb3+ ion Yb3+ ion Yb3+ Y3+
Type Single Compound
Formula Yb3+
Role dopant

erbium(III) cation

erbium(III) ion erbium(3+) Er3+
Type Single Compound
Formula Er3+
Role dopant

gadolinium(III) cation

gadolinium(III) ion gadolinium cation cationic Gd ion gadolinium(III) gadolinium ion gadolinium(3+) Gd(III) ion Gd(3+) ion Gd3+ ion Gd(3+) Gd ion Gd3+
Type Single Compound
Formula Gd3+
Role dopant


General physical and chemical properties

Property Value Source
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Biological effects



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